The story of bohemian glass

published by Lasvit

Path of light • Hussite Wars

III

Hussite Wars

The beginning of the 15th century was marked by the fall from glory and prestige of the Bohemian Kingdom built by Charles IV. The Prague University theologian, Master Jan Hus, begun to preach about the need for reform in the Catholic Church at the time. Hus was influenced by the thinking of one of the early church reformers, John Wycliff. Among other subjects, Hus proclaimed that the head of the church is Jesus Christ, not the Pope and that Christians need not follow the Pope’s edicts, should they contradict the Bible. Jan Hus was at first expelled from the Church and, in 1415, subsequently questioned at the Council in Konstanz where he was sentenced to be burned at the stake for heresy. An enormous sect movement was born from the circle of his followers, eventually growing into the “fight for religious truth.” The Hussites spent fifteen years fighting for the Bohemian lands against the Catholics, the crusades of Emperor Sigismund and among themselves.

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III

The Chřibská Glassworks: 1414

The Chřibská Glassworks were built according to tradition in 1414, near the town of Nový Bor in North Bohemia. Glassmakers were subsequently active in this area for over 600 years. Later, in 1661, Chřibská was also the birthplace of the first Guild of Glass Decorators – the painters and cutters so abundant in this region that they had to establish rules that provided them with work rather than causing them to lose it due to unfair competition. In the second half of the 20th century, the Chřibská kilns produced shaped hollow glass created by designers such as Josef Hospodka and Eva Švestková. Some of the works of visionary glass artist René Roubíček were also produced there.

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chapter 1 chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4 chapter 5 chapter 6 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 chapter 10

I

The Celts

The heritage of Celtic tribes in Europe.

II

The Period of the Reign of Charles IV

The most significant ruler in the history of Bohemia.

III

Hussite Wars

Reform in the Catholic Church and the fight for religious truth.

IV

Renaissance

The arrival of Renaissance into gothic Prague.

V

Bohemian Baroque

The remarkable imprint of Baroque in the Bohemian lands.

VI

Bohemian Lands in the 18th Century

The transformation of feudal empire into a centralized state.

VII

The Napoleonic Wars

One man’s grand ambitions of overtaking the whole of Europe.

VIII

The Birth of Czechoslovakia

After more than three hundred years, Czechs and Slovaks get the nation-state.

IX

Socialist Czechoslovakia

The political influence of the Soviet Union after WWII.

X

The Velvet Revolution

The postcommunist era and the split of Czechoslovakia.

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III

Hussite Wars

Reform in the Catholic Church and the fight for religious truth.

I

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