Path of light • Hussite Wars
The beginning of the 15th century was marked by the fall from glory and prestige of the Bohemian Kingdom built by Charles IV. The Prague University theologian, Master Jan Hus, begun to preach about the need for reform in the Catholic Church at the time. Hus was influenced by the thinking of one of the early church reformers, John Wycliff. Among other subjects, Hus proclaimed that the head of the church is Jesus Christ, not the Pope and that Christians need not follow the Pope’s edicts, should they contradict the Bible. Jan Hus was at first expelled from the Church and, in 1415, subsequently questioned at the Council in Konstanz where he was sentenced to be burned at the stake for heresy. An enormous sect movement was born from the circle of his followers, eventually growing into the “fight for religious truth.” The Hussites spent fifteen years fighting for the Bohemian lands against the Catholics, the crusades of Emperor Sigismund and among themselves.
The Chřibská Glassworks: 1414
The Chřibská Glassworks were built according to tradition in 1414, near the town of Nový Bor in North Bohemia. Glassmakers were subsequently active in this area for over 600 years. Later, in 1661, Chřibská was also the birthplace of the first Guild of Glass Decorators – the painters and cutters so abundant in this region that they had to establish rules that provided them with work rather than causing them to lose it due to unfair competition. In the second half of the 20th century, the Chřibská kilns produced shaped hollow glass created by designers such as Josef Hospodka and Eva Švestková. Some of the works of visionary glass artist René Roubíček were also produced there.