Path of light • The Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars
In the 19th century, Europe lay under the shadow of a man who was physically short, yet grand when it came to his ambitions to overtake the whole of Europe. The French Emperor reached the pinnacle of his power on Bohemian soil, at the battle of Austerlitz (today’s Slavkov) that took place in Moravia near Brno on December 2, 1805. It is known in history as the “Battle of Three Emperors.” Thanks to his military genius in tactics, Napoleon, who had shortly before conquered Vienna, defeated a stronger enemy in terms of numbers. His seventy thousand men vanquished the Austro-Russian army of ninety thousand. About twenty thousand of Napoleon’s soldiers were lost in battle.
Bohemian Glass at Its Peak
Entrepreneurs’ ability to respond flexibly to the changes in tastes brought Bohemian glassmaking back to dominance prior to the middle of the 19th century, based upon the manual skills of the glassmakers, technological inventions and their owners’ determination. A popular technique was the layering of glass for the luxury market, even including multi-layering. During this period of historicism, the first European glassmaking companies began collaborating with professional designers and artists to create new collections, particularly J.Loetz Witwe in Klášterský Mlýn, Harrach in Nový Svět or Moser in Karlovy Vary. Moser is renowned for this even today.