The story of bohemian glass

published by Lasvit

Path of light • The Birth of Czechoslovakia

VIII

The Birth of Czechoslovakia

The Czechoslovak Republic, also known as Czechoslovakia, was founded in 1918 as the nation-state of Czechs and Slovaks, who had spent more than three hundred years as part of the multinational Habsburg Empire. The first President of the Czechoslovak state became the well-regarded professor Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. In the euphoria of the establishment of independence, a passionate crowd tore down the St. Mary column in Prague’s Old Town Square, incorrectly perceived as a symbol of the Habsburg monarchy. This beautiful Baroque column was 14 meters tall and originally erected to celebrate the successful defense of Prague against the Swedes, dominating the square for 266 years.

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VIII

Czechoslovak Glass Between 1918 and 1945

Thanks to engraver and pedagogue Josef Drahoňovský, from the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague, as well as the founding of the newly established Glassmaking and Trade High School in Železný Brod, “Czechoslovak glass” was born. Železný Brod became the ‘glass town’ and local teachers became glass artists of international significance, as it was in the case of Alois Metelák and Jaroslav Brychta, as well as his daughter Jaroslava and son-in-law, Stanislav Libenský, who created melted glass sculptures, famous since the second half of the 20th century.

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chapter 1 chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4 chapter 5 chapter 6 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 chapter 10

I

The Celts

The heritage of Celtic tribes in Europe.

II

The Period of the Reign of Charles IV

The most significant ruler in the history of Bohemia.

III

Hussite Wars

Reform in the Catholic Church and the fight for religious truth.

IV

Renaissance

The arrival of Renaissance into gothic Prague.

V

Bohemian Baroque

The remarkable imprint of Baroque in the Bohemian lands.

VI

Bohemian Lands in the 18th Century

The transformation of feudal empire into a centralized state.

VII

The Napoleonic Wars

One man’s grand ambitions of overtaking the whole of Europe.

VIII

The Birth of Czechoslovakia

After more than three hundred years, Czechs and Slovaks get the nation-state.

IX

Socialist Czechoslovakia

The political influence of the Soviet Union after WWII.

X

The Velvet Revolution

The postcommunist era and the split of Czechoslovakia.

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VIII

The Birth of Czechoslovakia

After more than three hundred years, Czechs and Slovaks get the nation-state.

I

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